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  • Essex P-S

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    P

    Paglesham
    Pachesham: Westminster Abbey; William de Warenne; Theodoric Pointel from Ralph Baynard; Gerard from Richard FitzCorbucion; in the king's hand.
    Yachting resort; Norman church with Roman bricks.

    Panfield
    Penfelda: St. Stephen's Abbey, Caen, formerly a free woman, Robert from Richard FitzGilbert.
    17th century Great Priory Farm is on the site of a priory belonging to St. Stephen's Abbey, Caen.

    Parndon
    Perenduna / induna: Barking Abbey before and after 1066; Iwain from Count Eustace; Roger from Peter de Valognes; Alfred from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. Mill, 3 beehives.
    Now Great Parndon and Little Parndon, part of Harlow.

    Paslow
    Passefelda: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066.
    Paslow Wood Common, in the rural district of Ongar.

    Patching
    Pacingas / -inges: Ralph from Bishop of Bayeux; Walter from Geoffrey de Mandeville; Picot from Robert Gernon. 2 mills.
    Patching Hall, a mansion near Chelmsford.

    Pebmarsh
    Bebenhers / Peben(h)ers: 18 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert; Warengar from Roger Bigot; Leofcild from Richard FitzGilbert; Aubrey de Vere's wife.
    Coutauld's 1st silk mill started here (1798). Sir Ronald Storr, Governor of Jerusalem and Judea from 1917 is buried in the church.

    Peldon
    Peltenduna: Odo from Swein of Essex; Thorkell from William the Deacon. Salthouse, church.
    Scattered, between Colchester and Mersey Island; partly Norman Tudor church.

    Pentlow
    Pentelauua: Ralph Baynard, formerly a free woman. Mill, 8 beehives. 3 cobs, 24 cattle.
    Church with 1 of Essex's 6 round towers; mill.

    Peyton
    Pachenhau: Simond from William de Warenne.
    Peyton House, near Bishop's Stortford.

    Pinchpools
    Pincepo: Sasselin.
    Elizabethan Pinchpools farmhouse, in Manuden.

    Pitsea
    Piceseia: Wulfeva wife of Finn. Mill.
    On hills above Thames marshlands.

    Pledgdon Hall
    Plicedana: Richard from Eudo the Steward (claimed by Geoffrey de Mandeville); Richard from Geoffrey de Mandeville. 6 beehives. 200 sheep.

    Plesingho
    Plesingho: Bernard from Count Eustace; the king claims from Humphrey 'Goldenbollocks'.

    Plumberow
    Plumberga: Ranulf from William de Warenne; Ascelin from Swein of Essex. Mill. Foal, 23 goats.
    Oak-clad.

    Plunker's Green
    Plumtuna: Ravenot from Ranulf Peverel.

    Prested
    Peresteda: Ranulf Peverel. 2 beehives. Mare, foal.
    Prested Hall.

    Prittlewell
    Pritteuuella: Swein of Essex. 9 beehives. 3 foals, 196 sheep, 66 goats.
    Part of Southend; Roman / Saxon / Norman church; remains of a Cluniac priory.

    Pudsey
    Pueseia: Ascelin, John, Aelmer and Hugh from Swein of Essex. Foal.
    Pudsey Hall.

    Purleigh
    Purlai: Count Eustace; Hugh de Montfort; Richard from Robert Gernon; Walter the Deacon. 7 cobs, 306 sheep, 23 goats.
    Hilltop; Lawrence Washington, great-great-grandfather of George Washington, preached in its church.

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    Q

    Quendon
    Kuenadana: Richard from Eudo the Steward. 17 beehives. 44 goats.
    With Rickling; 100 acre deer park.

    Quick(s)bury
    Cuica: Richard from William de Warenne. Mill. 2 foals.
    Quicksbury Farm.

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    R

    Radwinter
    Redeuuintra: Richard from Eudo the Steward; Demiblanc from Aubrey de Vere; Guthred from Tihel le Breton; Frodo, brother of Abbot Baldwin. 8 beehives. 18 cattle, 30 goats.
    Its Old Rectory was the home of William Harrison (1559-93), commentator on 16th century morals and mores.

    Rainham
    Raineham / Reineham / Renaham / Reneham: Hugh from Bishop of Bayeux; Robert from Robert Gernon; Walter de Douai; Hagebern. 12 beehives.

    Ramsden Bellhouse
    Ramesdana / -duna: William from Bishop of London; 2 men-at-arms from Bishop of Bayeux; Osbern from Hugh de Montfort; Robert Gernon and Ansketel from him; Humphrey from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. Mill, 4 beehives
    . Called after its 13th century holder, Richard de Belhui.

    Ramsey
    Rameseia: Roger from Ralph Baynard. Mill, salthouse, 8 beehives. 309 sheep.
    Elegant but dilapidated post-windmill.

    Rayleigh
    Ragewneia / eleia: Swein of Essex. Vines, Swein's Castle.
    Town with a magnificent earthwork, the motte-and-bailey castle built by Swein.

    Rayne
    Raines: Bishop of London before and after 1066; Alchere from Hugh de Montfort; Ralph from Hamo the Steward; Roger de Raismes. 3 mills. 10 goats.
    The hall was built by Sir William Capel, ancestor of the earls of Essex.

    Rettendon
    Radenduna / Ratenduna: Ely Abbey before and after 1066; Ely Abbey claims from Richard, who holds from Eudo the Steward and from Ralph FitzBrian, who holds from Ranulf Peverel.
    Includes Battlesbridge.

    Rickling
    Richelinga: King's land.
    With Quendon.

    Ridgewell
    Rideuuella: Count Eustace.
    Granted a market in 1318 and a fair for St. Lawrence, whose church still stands. The Hall, now a farmhouse, is on the site of a Norman castle.

    Ridley
    Retleia: Walter from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Ridley Hall.

    Rivenhall
    Riuuehala / Ruenhala / -hale / Ruuuenhala: Count Eustace, formerly Queen Edith, Clarenbold from Swein of Essex; Ascelin from Robert Gernon; Roger God-save-ladies. mill, 4 beehives.
    Rivenhall Place (16th and 18th centuries), was the home of Kitty O'Shea, whose husband named Charles Parnell as correspondent when he filed for divorce.

    Rochford
    Rochefort: Alfred from Swein of Essex. Mill. 3 cobs, 2 foals, 160 sheep.
    Market town. Rochford Hall was built for Sir Robert Rich, the 2nd Earl of Warwick, in the 17th century.

    Rockells, formerly Wyggepet
    Wigghepet: Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill.
    Rockells Wood, described by Morant in 1768 as 'the joy of fox hunters'; Rockells Farm.

    Roding
    Rodinges / -is / Roinges / -chinges: King's land; Ely Abbey before and after 1066; William de Vatteville and Walter from William de Warenne, formerly a free woman; Richard FitzGilbert; Thorgil from Eudo the Steward; Roger d'Auberville; Serlo from Hamo the Steward; Hugh de Bernières, Martel, Rainam and William from Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill, beehive.
    Now The Rodings (as in 'loathing'); the parish of Aylthorpe Roding, the hamlet of Berners Roding, and 4 villages, High, Leaden, Margaret and White Roding. Also
    Abbess Roding and Beauchamp Roding. White Roding has a Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Roth(end)
    Roda: Count Alan.

    Roydon
    Ruindune: Ranulf, brother of Ilger. Mill.
    Nether Hall, where Sir Thomas More courted Jane Colte, his 1st wife.

    Runwell
    Runewella: Canons of St. Paul's before and after 1066; Lambert from Count Eustace.

    Ryes, The
    Sireceslea: Ralph from Hamo the Steward.
    Regency house.

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    S

    Saffron Walden
    Waledana: Geoffrey de Mandeville. Mill, 30 beehives.
    Delightful town which specialized in growing saffron crocuses in the Middle Ages. Audley End, now a magnificent example of 17th century architecture, was built on the ruins of a monastery founded by the Mandeville family.

    St. Lawrence, formerly Newland
    Niuuelanda, Niwelant: Holy Trinity, Canterbury; 'W' from Ranulf, brother of Ilger.
    Sometimes called St. Lawrence Newland; two ancient farms.

    St. Osyth
    Cice / Cita: Bishop of London; Count Eustace; Thorold from Ranulf Peverel. Mill. 4 cobs, 18 goats.
    Ruins of 12th century priory.

    St. Peter's Chapel
    Effecestra / cestre: St. Valery; Wulfmer from Hugh de Montfort. Fishery. 216 sheep.
    Isolated Saxon church.

    Sampsons
    Samartuna: Ralph FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux.
    Sampsons Farm.

    Shalford
    Celdeforda / Esceldeforde / Scaldefort: Otto the Goldsmith from the king; formerly Queen Edith; William the Deacon; Walter Cook. Mill, 5 beehives. 20 goats, 4 cobs.
    Ancient ford.

    Sheering
    Seeringa: Peter de Valognes. Mill, 3 beehives. Mule, ass.

    Shelley
    Senleia: Reginald from Geoffrey de Mandeville.

    Shellow Bowells
    Scelda / Scelga: King's land; Eudo the Steward; Lambert from Geoffrey de Mandeville; Geoffrey de Mandeville; Ely Abbey claims from William, who held it from Geoffrey de Mandeville. Beehive.

    Shenfield
    Scenefelda: Roger from Count Eustace.
    With Hutton in Brentwood suburbs; church in wooded arcade.

    Shoebury, North and South
    Essoberiam Soberia: Bishop of Bayeux; Swein of Essex and Walter from him.
    Now the hamlet of North Shoebury and Shoeburyness, both part of Southend-on-Sea.

    Shopland
    Scopelanda: Count Eustace. 3 cobs.
    Farm; row of cottages.

    Shortgrove
    Scortegrava / Sortegrana: Adelulf from Count Eustace; Robert Gernon. Mill, 11 beehives.
    Shortgrove Hall.

    Sible Hedingham
    Haingheham / Hedingham / Hidingham: Warengar from Roger de Raismes; Roger Bigot. Mill.
    Watermill; Hawkswood Manor House.

    Smallands
    Sonalelant: Nigel from Robert FitzCorbucion. 2 parts of fishery. 2 foals.

    Smalton
    Smaltuna: Aubrey de Vere.

    Smeetham
    Smedetuna: Raines from Count Eustace.
    Smeetham Hall.

    Sokens, The
    Aelduluesnasa: Canons of St. Paul's before and after 1066. 2 mills, 2 salthouses, 4 beehives. 22 cattle, 200 sheep.
    Now 2 villages, Kirby and Thorpe-le-Soken, and seaside town of Walton-on-the-Naze.

    Southchurch
    Sudcerca: Holy Trinity, Canterbury. 2 fisheries. 4 cobs, 150 sheep, 16 goats.
    Satellite of Southend; 14th century moated hall.

    South Fambridge
    Phenbruge: Ely Abbey claims from Reginald the Crossbowman.
    Part of Ashingdon.

    South Hanningfield
    Haningfelda: Thorold from Bishop of Bayeux.

    Southminster
    Sudmunstra: Bishop of London. 1700 sheep.

    South Weald
    Walda / Welda: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; Ralph from Robert Gernon.
    Large; woods and valleys. Rochetts was the home of Nelson's Admiral Jervis, Lord St. Vincent.

    Springfield
    Springafelda / -inghefelda: Corp from Robert Gernon; Robert from Ranulf Peverel. Mil, beehive. 2 asses, 14 cobs, 5 foals, 26 cattle.
    Part of Chelmsford; Roman-bricked Norman church. Oliver Goldsmith lived here.

    Stambourne
    Stanburna: Hamo the Steward; Geoffrey de Mandeville; Alstran, a freeman, and 12 freemen from Hamo the Steward. Vines, 4 beehives.
    Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Stan(e)sgate
    Stanesgata: Ralph FitzBrian from Ranulf Peverel.
    Stanesgate Priory, a Cluniac monastery, of which only 1 wall remains.

    Stanford Rivers
    Parva Stanfort / Stanfort: Count Eustace. Mill. 40 cattle, 233 sheep, 4 cobs.
    Large church in farmyard.

    Stanmer
    Stantmere: Sasselin.

    Stanstead
    Stanesteda: Hubert from Robert Malet. 2 mills, 8 beehives. 26 goats.
    Stanstead Hall, the surviving wing of mansion probably built by Lord Parr, Earl of Essex, in the 16th century.

    Stansted Mountfitchet
    Stanesteda: Robert Gernon. Mill. 16 cattle, 24 goats, 5 asses.
    Town. Earmarked as London's 3rd airport; ancient windmill.

    Stanway
    Stanewega: King's land. 3 mills. 260 sheep, 11 cobs.
    Called after the'stone-way', used by the Romans en route from Colchester. The Roman-bricked Norman church was a wayside chapel for pilgrims.

    Stapleford Abbots
    Stapleforda / -fort: St. Edmund's Abbey before and after 1066; Robert Gernon and Nigel from him.

    Stapleford Tawney
    Stapleforda / -fort: Siric from Swein of Essex. Mill, 2 beehives.

    Stebbing
    Stab- / Stibinga: Henry de Ferrers; Ranulf Peverel. 2 mills, vines, 5 beehives.
    Traces of a Roman building beneath the green; enormous castle mound built by Ranulf Peverel.

    Stebbingford
    Horstedafort: Adam son of Durand Malzor.
    Stebbingford House.

    Steeple
    Stepla: King's land; Richard from Eudo the Steward; Henry de Ferrers. 160 sheep.
    In the Blackwater estuary.

    Steeple Bumpstead
    Bum(m)esteda: Adelulf de Marck from Count Eustace; 1 man-at-arms from Count Alan; Wulfbert from William de Warenne; 3 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert; Tihel de Breton; Leofwin and Leofmer from Richard FitzGilbert. 4 beehives, mill.
    Entrenchments of ancient stronghold.

    Stevington
    Stauintuna / Staumtuna / Steintuna: Hervey from Count Alan; Reginald from Aubrey de Vere; Tihel le Breton; Frodo the Abbot; Baldwin's brother. Beehives. 5 cows.
    Stevington End.

    Stifford
    Estinfort / Stiforda / -fort: Barking Abbey; Hugh and FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Ansger Cook. Church.
    Roman Samian ware was found here.

    Stisted
    Stisteda: Holy Trinity, Canterbury. Mill.
    The overlordship was the subject of an 11th century trial between the monks of Canterbury and Bishop Odo, half-brother of the Conqueror.

    Stow Maries
    Fenna / Fenne / Phenna: Hugh from Geoffrey de Mandeville and Hugh de Verly from him; man-at-arms from Walter the Deacon.

    Strethall
    Strathala: Hugh from Ely Abbey. Mill, 2 beehives.
    Saxon church.

    Studley
    Estoleia: King's land; Hugh de Montfort.

    Sturmer
    Sturmere: Tihel le Breton. 3 beehives, mill. Foal.

    Sutton
    Suttuna: Ascelin, Alfith and Roger from Swein of Essex; Theodoric Pointel. 6 beehives. 160 sheep.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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