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  • Oxfordshire A-G

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    A

    Adderbury
    Edburgberie: King's land; Bishop of Winchester; Robert from Robert of Stafford. 8 mills. Wool and cheese.
    Now 2 adjoining villages, East and West Adderbury. Adderbury House was the home of the poet John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, in the 17th century.

    Adwell
    Aduelle: William from Miles Crispin. Mill.
    Adwell House.

    Albury
    Al / Eldeberie: Reginald from Earl William.
    Some houses.

    Alkerton
    Alcrintone: Ralph from Bishop of Bayeux; Richard from Miles Crispin.
    Jacobean rectory built by Thomas Lydiat, cosmographer, and tutor to Henry, Prince of Wales, in the early 17th century.

    Alvescot
    Elfegescote: Saeric from the king.

    Ambrosden
    Ambresdone: Hugh d'Ivry.
    Said to be the site of the camp of Ambrosius Aurelianus, summoned by the Britons to drive back the invading Saxons.

    Ardley
    Ardulueslie: Robert from Earl Hugh and Robert from him.
    A castle was built and destroyed by the Normans.

    Arncott
    (Alia) Ernicote: Robert d'Oilly and Roger d'Ivry from Abingdon Abbey; William son of Manai from the king.
    Now 2 villages, Upper and Lower Arncott.

    Ascott d'Oyley
    Est(h)cote: Roger from Robert d'Oilly. Mill.
    Area adjoining Ascott-under-Wychwood.

    Ascott Earl
    Est(h)cote: Ilbert from Bishop of Bayeux.
    Area adjoining Ascott-under-Wychwood.

    Asthall
    Esthale: Roger d'Ivry. 2 mills.
    Asthall Manor House; Saxon Asthall Barrow.

    Aston Rowant
    Estone: Miles Crispin.
    Aston House.

    Astrop
    Estrope: Roger from Earl William.
    St. Rumbald's Well, a mineral spring.

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    B

    Badgemore
    Begeurde: Ralph from Henry de Ferrers.

    Bainton
    Baditone: Erchenbald from Giles brother of Ansculf.

    Balscott(cote)
    Berescote: Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux.
    Pond in a dell.

    Bampton
    Bentone: King's land; Bishop Robert from Bishop of Exeter; Ilbert from Bishop of Bayeux; Roger from Robert d'Oilly. 4 mills, 2 fisheries, market, salthouses.
    Market town, noted for morris dancing.

    Banbury
    Banesberie: Bishop of Lincoln. 4 mills.
    Town famed for its cakes since 1608. Banbury Cross, built in 1859, replaced the original, which was destroyed by Puritans in 1602.

    Barford St. John
    Bereford: Robert d'Oilly from Bishop of Bayeux.

    Barford St. Michael
    Bereford: Roger from Abingdon Abbey and Wadard's son from him; Ilbod. Mill.

    Barton Ede
    Bertone: Wadard and Adam from Bishop of Bayeux. Mill.
    Now Bartongate, scattered houses.

    Beckley
    Bechelie: Roger d'Ivry.
    Traces of a Roman road; Saxon and Norman church; Beckley Park, a moated Tudor manor house.

    Begbroke
    Bechebroc: Ralph from Roger de Lacy.

    Benson (Bensington)
    Besintone / Besentone: William from the king; Theodoric the Goldsmith from the king. 2 mills, fisheries.
    The lock on the River Thames is where Romans crossed the ford and where Offa of Mercia won a victory over the Saxons in 777.

    Berrick Salome
    Berewiche: Ordgar from Miles Crispin.

    Bicester
    Bernecestre: Robert d'Oilly. 2 mills.
    Market town.

    Bix
    Bixa: Hugh from Walter Giffard; Hervey from the king.
    Grim's Ditch.

    Black Bourton
    Borburtone: Wimund from Arnulf de Hesdin; Roger d'Ivry and Ansketel from Earl William and Payne from Roger d'Ivry. 2 mills.

    Bladon
    Blade: Adam from Bishop of Bayeux. 2 mills.
    Earthwork of Round Castle. Lord Randolph Churchill (1847-95) and Sir Winston are both buried here.

    Bletchingdon/ton
    Blecesdone / Blicestone: Gilbert from Robert d'Oilly; Alfwy the Sheriff. Mill.
    The original house in Bletchingdon Park, fortified for Charles I during the Civil War, was captured by Cromwell.

    Bloxham
    Blochesham: King's land. 6 mills. Wool and cheese, a year's corn.

    Bodicote
    Bodicote: Count of Evreux; Hugh from Walter Giffard; Berengar de Tosny from Robert his father.
    Bodicote Grange; Bodicote House.

    Bolney
    Bollehede: Gilbert de Bretteville from Earl William.

    Brighthampton
    Bristelmestone: Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux; Ansketel from Earl William. Mill.

    Brightwell Baldwin
    Brete / Britewelle: Hervey from Bishop of Bayeux; Roger from the king. Mill.

    Britwell Salome
    Brutuelle: Amaline and William from Miles Crispin.

    Brize Norton
    Nortone: Fulk from Roger d'Ivry; Theodoric the Goldsmith and Godwin from the king.
    RAF base.

    Broadwell
    Bradewelle: Christina. 2 mills, fishery.
    Broadwell Grove.

    Bromscott
    Bumerescote: Gosbert from Robert of Stafford.

    Brookhampton
    Hantone: Reginald from Roger d'Ivry.
    Some houses.

    Broughton (near Banbury)
    Brohtune: Robert, Reginald and Gilbert from Berengar de Tosny. 2 mills.
    Broughton Castle.

    Broughton Poggs
    Brotone: Robert FitzMurdoch. 2 mills.

    Bucknell
    Buchehelle: Gilbert from Robert d'Oilly.
    Bucknell House.

    Burford
    Bureford: Bishop of Bayeux. 2 mills.
    Small Cotswold town, a wool centre in the 16th century and horse-racing centre in the 17th-19th centuries.

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    C

    Cadwell
    Cadewelle: Brown the priest, the pre-Conquest holder.

    Cassington
    Cersetone / Cersitone / Chersitone: Wadard and Ilbert from Bishop of Bayeux. Mill, fishery (175 eels).

    Caversfield
    Castrefelle: Bryant from William de Warenne. Fishpond.
    Caversfield House; Norman church with an early 13th century bell, the county's oldest.

    Chadlington
    Cedelintone: Reginald the Archer and Siward Hunter from the king.
    Chadlington Manor House; prehistoric remains on Chadlington downs; trackway, enclosure, standing stone ('The Hawk Stone') and barrows.

    Chalford
    Celford: Robert from Henry de Ferrers. Mill.
    Now 2 hamlets, Chalford Green and Old Chalford.

    Chalgrove
    Celgraue: Miles Crispin. 5 mills.
    On Chalgrove Field (1643) a skirmish was fought between Royalists and Parliamentarians in which John Hampden was mortally wounded.

    Charlton on Otmoor
    Cerlentone: Roger d'Ivry from Hugh de Grandmesnil.
    White-clad village girls bring the 'May Cross' of flowers in procession to the church every May Day.

    Chastleton
    Cestitone: Urse, Ilbert, Ralph and Ansketel from Bishop of Bayeux; Henry de Ferrers from Winchcombe Abbey; Aelfric from the king. Mill.
    Chastleton House.

    Checkendon
    Cecadene: Alfred nephew of Wigot.
    Traditonally, the tenure of Wyfold Court is held on condition its owner presents a rose to the king if he passes that way on May Day.

    Chesterton
    Cestretone: William from Miles Crispin. Mill.
    Roman Akerman Street; remains of the Roman town of Alchester.

    Chilworth
    Celelorde: Hugh from Roger d'Ivry; Hascoit Musard.

    Chinnor
    Chenore: Leofwin.

    Chipping Norton
    Nortone: Arnulf de Hesdin. 3 mills.
    Cotswold town.

    Chippinghurst
    Cibbaherste: Count of Evreux.

    Churchill
    Cercelle: Walter from Earl Hugh, formerly Earl Harold. 2 mills.
    Birthplace of Warren Hastings (1731-1818).

    Clanfield
    Chenefelde: Payne from Roger d'Ivry.

    Cogges
    Coges: Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux. Mill.
    Some houses.

    Combe
    Cumbe: Bishop of Bayeux. Mill.
    Church, rebuilt c.1400 by the monks of Eynsham, to whom it had belonged since Norman times.

    Cornbury
    Corneberie: Reginald. Forests.
    Cornbury Park House.

    Cornwell
    Cornewelle: Ansketel from Earl William. Mill.
    Cornwell House.

    Cottisford
    Cotesforde: Roger d'Ivry from Hugh de Grandmesnil.
    Cottisford House.

    Cowley
    Covelie: Roger from Bishop of Bayeux; Roger from Count Eustace; Toli from Miles Crispin; Leofwin from the king. 2 mills, 2 fisheries.
    Adjoining Oxford; motor works.

    Cropredy
    Cropelie: Ansgered, Gilbert, Theodoric, Richard, Edward and 2 Roberts from Bishop of Lincoln. 5 mills.
    Charles I won the Battle of Cropredy Bridge (1646).

    Crowell
    Clawelle: William Peverel.

    Crowmarsh Gifford
    Craumares: Hugh from Walter Giffard, formerly Earl Harold. 2 mills.
    Norman church, once a leper hospital.

    Cuddesdon
    Codesdone: Abingdon Abbey. Mill, 2 fisheries.
    Bishop of Oxford's palace; theological college.

    Cutteslowe
    Codesdlam / lane: Siward from the Canons of Oxford; Alfred the Clerk from Roger d'Ivry.

    Cuxham
    Cuchesham: Alfred from Miles Crispin. 3 mills.

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    D

    Dean
    Dene: Robert from Henry de Ferrers. 2 mills.

    Deddington
    Dadintone: Bishop of Bayeux. 3 mills.
    Small market town. In its church are wooden crosses from Flanders with the mud of the battlefield clinging to them.

    Dorchester
    Dorchestre / Dorkecestre: Bricteva from Bishop of London. 5 mills. 51 sticks of eels.
    Originally an Iron Age settlement later a Roman camp (Dorocine), then a Saxon cathedral city.

    Draycot
    Draicote: Richard from Miles Crispin.

    Drayton (near Wroxton)
    Draiton: Robert d'Oilly; Thorkell; Thurstan from William FitzAnsculf. 3 mills.

    Ducklington
    Dochelintone: Roger from Robert d'Oilly; Robert from Earl William. Mill.

    Duns Tew
    Teowe / Tewa / Twam: Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux; Bishop of Lisieux; Everwin from Robert of Stafford; Everwin from Robert d'Oilly.
    Duns Tew Manor House.

    Dunsden
    Dunesdene: Bishop of Salisbury.

    Dunthrop
    Dunetorp: Bishop of Lisieux; Count of Evreux.

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    E

    Easington
    Esidone: Robert FitzRalph from the king.
    Some houses.

    Elsfield
    Esefelde: Thurstan from Robert d'Oilly.
    John Buchan (1875-1940) lived at the manor house before he was made Lord Tweedsmuir, and his ashes lie in the churchyard.

    Emmington
    Amintone: William Peverel.

    Enstone
    Henestan: Winchcombe Abbey. 4 mills.
    The Hoar Stone, 9ft high, marks a burial chamber.

    Ewelme
    Lau(u)elme / Auuilma / -ilme: Hugh from Walter Giffard; Ranulf Peverel; Robert from Gilbert de Ghent; Robert FitzRalph from the king.
    Jerome K. Jerome (1859-1927) is buried here.

    Eynsham
    Eglesham: Columban from Bishop of Lincoln. Mill.
    Eysham Hall.

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    F

    Fifield
    Fifhide: Henry de Ferrers.
    Fifield Manor House.

    Finmere
    Finemere: Robert from Bishop of Bayeux; Robert from Bishop of Coutances. Mill.

    Forest Hill
    Fostel: Roger from Bishop of Bayeux.
    The poet John Milton was married here to his first wife, Mary Powell, in 1643.

    Foscot
    Foxcote: Richard de Courcy.

    Fringford
    Feringeford: Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux. 2 mills.
    Fringford Hall.

    Fritwell
    Fert(e)welle: Reginald Wadard from Bishop of Bayeux; Reginald from Earl William.

    Fulbrook
    Fulebroc: Roger d'Ivry. Mill.

    Fulwell
    Fulewelle: Gilbert from Robert d'Oilly. Mill.

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    G

    Gangsdown
    Ganguluesdene: Ordgar, the pre-Conquest holder, from Miles Crispin.
    Gangsdown Hall, near Nuffield.

    Garsington
    Gersedune: Gilbert and Sweeting from Abingdon Abbey; Toli from Miles Crispin.
    Garsington Manor House.

    Gatehampton
    Gadintone / Gratentun: Brian from William de Warenne; Miles Crispin. Mill.

    Glympton
    Glintone: William from Bishop of Coutances. Mill.
    Glympton Park.

    Godington
    Godendone: William from Richard Poynant. Mill.
    Old Moat Farm.

    Goring
    Garinges: Robert d'Oilly. Mill.

    Grafton
    Graptone: Count of Evreux.

    Great Haseley
    Haselie: Miles Crispin.

    Great Milton
    Mid(d)eltone: Bishop of London. 2 mills.
    Milton House; Milton Priory. Little Milton, a village, is close by. John Milton's family may have derived their name from it.

    Great Rollright
    Rolle(a)ndri (majore): Robert of Stafford; Robert FitzThurstan and William from the king.

    Great Tew
    Tewa: Bishop of Bayeux.
    Transformed when Loudon, the 19th century landscape gardener, surrounded it with evergreens.

    Grimsbury
    Grimberie: Gunfrid de Choques. Mill.
    Part of Banbury.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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