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  • Essex D-K

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    Danengeberia: William from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Originally Daningbury, a fortified Danish settlement; Tudor house.

    Debden (near Newport)
    Deppedana: Ranulf Peverel. Mill, vines, 3 beehives. 7 cobs, 2 foals, 168 sheep, 1000 pigs.
    Idyllic; old houses, farms; Peverel Wood.

    Debden (Green) (in Loughton)
    Tippedana: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066.
    In Chigwell.

    Daneseia: St. Valery; Bishop of Bayeux.
    Church with Roman bricks. The peninsual between the Blackwater and Crouch rivers is called the 'Island of Dene's people'.

    Der(e)leia: Roger from Ranulf, brother of Ilger; Modwin.

    Dicheleia: Nigel from Robert Gernon.

    Doddenhenc: Gerard from Robert FitzCorbucion.
    Old stocks on the common; tiny Tudor house.

    Druvrecurt: Aubrey de Vere.
    Port (with Harwich) for Continent.

    Down (Hall)
    Dona / Duna: Richard from Eudo the Steward; Ranulf Peverel and Ascelin from him. 159 sheep.
    Downham, originally the home of the Selwins, now a girl's boarding school. Matthew Prior, diplomat and poet, lived here in the 18th century.

    Dommauua: Adelulf de Marck from Count Eustace; Wulfbert from William de Warenne; Edmer from Swein of Essex; Ralph from Eudo the Steward; Serlo from Hamo the Steward; Ralph Baynard; Geoffrey de Mandeville and Martel and William from him, formerly Aethelgyth, a free woman. 3 mills, 20 beehives. 65 goats, 11 cobs, 21 cattle.
    Great Dunmow, a town, and Little Dunmow, a village nearby. Little Dunmow is famous for presenting a 'flitch of bacon' to any married couple who swear they have not regretted their marriage within the past year.

    Dantuna: Bishop of Bayeux.
    Disused Victorian church in Basildon.

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    East Donyland
    Dunilanda / Dunulunda: Count Eustace; Robert from Count Eustace; Modwin; Ilbod; Hagebern.
    Old; includes hamlet of Rowhedge; attractive, neglected fishermen's quayside.

    East Ham
    Hame: St. Peter's Westminster; Robert Gernon. 4 cobs.
    Part of Greater London.

    Estorp: Hugh from Count Eustace.
    Now joined with Copford; small, Norman Roman-tiled church.

    E(i)stanes: William de warenne, formerly Dove, a free woman; Richard from Geoffrey de Mandeville; Walter the Deacon; Matthew de Mortagne. 2 mills, 9 beehives. 23 cattle, 24 goats.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Easton. Remains of a motte and bailey castle at Great Easton; Easton Lodge in Little Easton.

    Estuuda / Nestuda: Swein of Essex and Robert from him. Mill. 2 foals.
    On the edge of Stansted airport; Norman church.

    Eiland: Swein of Essex. 2 mills.

    Elmerduna: Roger de Sommery from Count Eustace. 288 sheep.
    On a hillside. The moated mound of Roger de Sommery's castle is in the adjoining wood.

    Elmdon Lee, formerly Leebury
    Lea: Roger from Count of Eustace.

    Almesteda / Elmesteda: Siric from Swein of Essex. Mill, salthouse, 2 beehives. 80 goats, 5 cobs, 190 sheep.
    Medieval hall; Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Alenham / Elsenham: Peter from Robert Gernon; John, nephew of Waleran. Mill. Calf.
    Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Emanuel Wood
    Monehala / Munehala: Hervey from Count Alan; Germund from Geoffrey de Mandeville.

    Ep(p)inga / inges: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; Osbern from Count Alan; 2 freemen from ranulf, brother of Ilger.
    Market town; its name means 'the people on the upland'. The old church lies in rural Epping Upland. Epping Forest was originally called Waltham Forest.

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    Fairsteda: Thorold from Ranulf Peverel. Mill, 3 beehives.
    Remote; Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Fantune/ Phantuna: Westminster Abbey before and after 1066; Barking Abbey.
    Fanton Hall.

    Phern(e)ham: Serlo from Hamo the Steward; Robert Gernon; 4 freemen claim from 4 men-at-arms who held from Geoffrey de Mandeville; 1 freeman claims from Ralph Latimer. 3 beehives. 39 goats, 150 pigs.
    Walker's Farmhouse.

    Falcheburna: Ralph from Hamo the Steward.
    Norman church; famous castellated brick house beside the 'falscon stream'.

    Ferigens / -ingas / Pheringas: Westminster Abbey and Roger de Raismes from the Abbey; Westminster claims from Hugh de Montfort. 3 mills, 2 houses in Colchester. 5 cobs, 16 cattle.
    Rye Mill; gabled rectory where the painter John Constable stayed.

    Felesteda / -stede / Phensteda: Holy Trinity Abbey, Caen; Roger God-save-Ladies; Gilbert FitzSolomon. 2 mills. 21 cattle, 200 pigs, 30 goats.
    Large Norman church. Cromwell's sons studied in the public school here.

    Fincing(h)efelda / Phincing(h)efelda: Otto the Goldsmith, formerly Queen Edith; Guy from Count Eustace; Count Alan and Hervey from him; Elinant, Arnold, 2 men-at-arms and 11 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert. 2 mills. 25 cattle.
    Pond; windmill. Wethersfield airbase is nearby.

    Phingheria: King's land. 1000 pigs.
    Fingrith Hall.

    Phobinge: Count Eustace. Fishery.
    On a hill overlooking marshes; Saxon church; 15th century Lion Inn.

    For(de)ham: William de Warenne; Wulmer from Richard FitzGilbert; Tovild claims from Richard FitzGilbert; Geoffrey from Hugh de Gournai. Mill, 6 beehives. 25 goats.
    Roman-bricked church; medieval Hall.

    Ginga: 'W' from Ranulf, brother of Ilger; formerly 2 girls.

    Fuletuna: Odard from Swein of Essex; Gerard from Robert FitzCorbucion. 2 beehives.

    Foscearde: 19 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Moated 15th century hall, now a farmhouse; 16th century cottage, now a post office.

    Frat- / Fretinga: Count Eustace; Thorold from Ranulf Peverel. 6 beehives. 2 cows.
    Anglo-Saxon church.

    Frie(n)tuna: Ralph de Marcy from Count Eustace; Rainalm from Geoffrey de Mandeville.
    Seaside resort. First telephone cable to a lighthouse at sea was laid here in 1893.

    Festinges: Barking Abbey.

    Froruuica: Count Eustace.

    Fryerning and Ingatestone
    Inga: Robert Gernon and Ilger and William from him; Battle Abbey. 2 beehives. 5 cobs, 2 calves.
    Town. Off London - Chelmsford Roman road; magnificent red-towered, Roman-tiled Norman church.

    Fifhida / Altera Fifhida: Iwain from Count Eustace; Roger from John FitzWaleran. Mill, beehive.
    Winding, with willow-shaded River Roding; 13th century hall; Roman-tiled Norman church.

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    Ghestingetorp / Glestingethorp: William Peche from Richard FitzGilbert; Otto the Goldsmith.
    Roman-bricked Norman church. Captain Oates, who died trying to save others in Scott's 1912 Antarctic expedition, was born here.

    Goldhangra: Adelulf from Count Eustace; Hugh FitzMauger from Hugh de Montfort; Richard from Ranulf Peverel. 1 salthouses. Cow.
    Roman-bricked Norman church. A wheel-turned pump is still in use.

    Goldingham: Hubert from Robert Malet. 5 beehives. 260 sheep.
    Goldingham Hall, a manor house.

    Good Easter
    Estra: Canons of St. Martins, London. Mill.

    Great Baddow
    Baduuen: Holy Trinity Abbey, Caen; Roger God-save-Ladies. Foal, 13 goats.
    Stone Age and Bronze Age remains; Roman tiles in the church.

    Great Bentley
    Benetle(i)a: Aubrey de Vere. Salthouse. 100 sheep, 3 cows, 26 cattle.

    Great Braxted
    Brac(c)hesteda: Richard from Eudo the Steward; Guthmund from Hamo the Steward. mill, 4 beehives.

    Great Bromley
    Brunhele(i)a: Ralph Pinel.

    Great Burstead
    Burghesteda: Bishop of Bayeux.

    Great Chesterford
    Cestreforde: Picot the Sheriff in the King's hand. 2 mills.
    Remains of Belgic settlement; Roman fort and town.

    Great Maplestead
    Maplesteda / Mappesteda: Ilger from Robert Gernon. 2 beehives. 23 goats.
    Church, probably Saxon.

    Great Oakley
    Accleia / Adem: Robert Gernon. Mill, 2 salthouses. 4 cobs.

    Great Saling
    Salinges: Thurstan from John FitzWaleran; Algar from Richard FitzGilbert.

    Great Sampford
    Sanforda: Godric the Steward in the king's hand. Mill.
    Separated from Little Sampford by a row of pylons.

    Great Slam(p)seys
    Slamonsheia: Roger from Bishop of London.

    Great Stambridge
    Stanbruge: Swein from Bishop of Bayeux and Wicard from him. Mill.
    Saxon church. The ancient tide mill was burned down in 1965.

    Great Wakering
    Wachelinga: Swein of Essex. 4 cobs.

    Great Whitmans
    Witham: Ansketel from Robert Gernon.

    Greenstead (near Colchester)
    Grenesteda: King's land; Count Eustace; John FitzWaleran. 2 houses, mill. 40 goats.
    In the borough of Colchester. The church was in the centre of the Parliamentarian fort during the siege of 1648.

    Gernesteda: Hamo the Steward. Mill.
    Famous wooden Saxon church in which King Edmund's body rested (1013) en route to Bury St. Edmunds.

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    Cadenham: Ely Abbey before and after 1066.
    Late Saxon church; timber-framed manor house.

    Halingeb(er)ia / -heberia / Hallingeberia: Bishop of London; Walter from Swein of Essex; Roger d'Auberville; Martel and Hugh from Geoffrey de Mandeville. 2 mills, 10 beehives. 2 foals, 32 goats.
    Now 2 villages, Great and Little Hallingbury. Hallingbury Place, a thatched cottage in Hallingbury, was the home of William Parker, Baron Morley, who discovered the Gunpowder Plot. Wallbury Camp, an Iron Age settlement, is in Little Hallingbury.

    Hal(te)steda: William de Warenne; 22 freemen from Richard FitzGilbert; Wulfwin claims from Waleran; a freeman claims from Alfred who held it from Richard FitzGilbert. 3 mills, 2 beehives.
    Town. Remains of a 'smock' windmill on the site of 13th century 'Cheeping' market. Stansted Hall was the home of the Bourchier family, including Thomas, the 15th century cardinal who crowned Edward IV, Richard III and Henry VII.

    Haningefelda: Richard FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Wulfbert and Ranulf from William de Warenne; Berengar from Ralph Baynard; Ranulf from Robert FitzCorbucion.
    Now 3 villages, East, South and West Hanningfield.

    Herlaua: St. Edmund's Abbey before and after 1066; Geoffrey from Count Eustace; Thorgils from Eudo the Steward; Richard from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. Mill, 7 beehives. 8 cobs, 43 goats, 3 foals.
    New Town, adjacent to the medieval clothing town. Market; sports centre.

    Hasing(h)ebroc: FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Thorold from Swein of Essex.
    Hassenbrook Hall.

    Hatfield Peverel
    Ha(d)felda: Bishop of Bayeux; Ranulf Peverel and Serlo, Arnulf and Richard from him. 5 men-at-arms. 2 mills. 5 cobs, 4 foals, 5 cows, 7 calves, 20 goats.
    The church is the nave of an ancient priory church founded by Ranulf Peverel.

    Hauelingas / Haueringas: King's land; Westminster Abbey. Mill. 160 pigs, 269 sheep.
    Havering Park; manor house.

    Hac(he)uuella / Hechuuella: Godfrey from Swein of Essex; Pirot from Eudo the Steward; Eudo the Steward. 4 beehives. 6 cobs.

    Halesheia / Halesleia: Serlo and Godric from Ranulf Peverel. 4 cows.

    Helions Bumpstead
    Bumesteda / Bunsteda: Aethelhelm from Aubrey de Vere; Edwy a freeman, claims from Robert Blunt. 5 beehives. Foal, 5 cobs, 40 goats.
    Elizabethan manor house, Boblow Hall.

    Hansteda: Robert de Vatteville from Richard FitzGilbert.
    Dick Turpin, highwayman, was born at the 17th century inn. William Harvey, discoverer of blood circulation, is buried in the church.

    Henham: Ralph Baynard; formerly Aethelgyth, a free woman; 2 freemen claim from Ralph Baynard. 10 beehives. 8 cobs.
    Broad green; long, moat-like pond.

    Hanies / Heni(es): Thorold from Ranulf Peverel; Roger from John FitzWaleran; Robert de Vaux from Roger Bigot. Mill, 3 beehives. 5 cobs, 9 cows with calves.
    Now the hamlet of Great Henny, and locality of Little Henny.

    Heybridge (formerly Tidwoldington)
    Tidwoldituna: Canons of St. Paul's before and after 1066. Mill, salthouse, 3 beehives. 150 sheep.
    Part of the borough of Maldon; Roman-bricked Norman church.

    Higham (Hill)
    Hecham: Peter de Valognes. 2 beehives. 15 cattle, 1 ox.

    High Easter
    Estre: Geoffrey de Mandeville. 17 beehives.
    Roman-bricked church.

    Hacheleia / Hocheleia: Barking Abbey before and after 1066; Godbold, Odo and Payne from Swein of Essex. 3 mills, 10 beehives. 4 cobs, 300 sheep, 53 goats.
    London suburb; church where Roman coins were found.

    Ho(i)landa: Adelulf from Count Eustace; Leofstan from Walter de Douai.
    Now the village of Great Holland, and Holland-on-Sea, part of Clacton.

    Tor(n)induna: Bishop of Bayeux; Siric from Swein of Essex; Drogo from William Peverel. 5 cows.
    Now the hamlet of East Horndon, and West Horndon, absorbed in Ingrave. Anne Boleyn's head is said to lie in East Horndon church.

    Hornindune: William from Bishop of London; Warner from Count Eustace; Payne from Swein of Essex; Hugh de St. Quentin; Edmund, son of Algot; Godwin Woodhen holds land Hugh de St. Quentin held from the king; the king claims from Godwin Woodhen.
    Overlooking the Thames estuary.

    Ersham, Hers(h)am: Battle Abbey; Aethelhelm from Aubrey de Vere; Widelard from Richard FitzGilbert; Widelard from the king. 3 beehives.
    Horseham Hall.

    Ouesham: Richard from William de Warenne; Roger from Ralph de Tosny. 3 beehives. Calf.
    Now Housham Tye.

    Hobruge: FitzBrian from Bishop of London; Richard from Robert Gernon. Mill. 24 goats.

    Weninchou / Weninghou: Germund from Richard FitzGilbert. 32 goats.
    The Howe, a manor house near Halsted.

    Hunt's Hall, formerly Pooley
    Polheia: William de Warenne. Mill, 2 beehives.
    Manor house.

    Atahoi: Battle Abbey. 4 beehives. 3 cobs, 19 cattle, 92 pigs.
    Suburb of Brentwood.

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    Ilefort: Jocelyn Lorimer. Mill, fishery.
    London borough; photographic industry; paper mill.

    Altenai / Eltenai: Count Eustace; Ralph from Swein of Essex.
    Iltney Farm.

    Inga: FitzThorold from Bishop of Bayeux; Serlo from Ranulf Peverel; 'W' from Ranulf, brother of Ilger. 3 beehives.
    Merged with West Horndon. Thorndon Hall was the home of the 9th Earl of Petre.

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    Jacques Hall, formerly Manston
    Manestuna: Roger de Raismes. Salthouse.
    Ja(c)ques Bay, near Wrabness.

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    Chelleuadana / -euedana: Westminster Abbey; William FitzGross from Hugh de Montfort. 2 mills. 140 sheep.
    Large; on the site of a Belgic village and Roman settlement; Norman church with Roman bricks.

    Kelvedon Hatch
    Kal- / Kelenduna: Westminster Abbey; Herbert's nephew from Bishop of Bayeux; Ralph from Hamo the Steward. Mill.
    Woodland area; 3 old parks including Kelvedon Hall's. 'Hatch' mean 'forest gate'.

    Helituna / Kelituna: Wulfbert from William de Warenne; Leofstan from Swein of Essex.

    The Domesday Book, 1086

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